When it comes to court cases in the United States, there are basically two types of cases. These two case types can be significantly different in how they are handled. A civil lawsuit is the type of cases that we handle here at The Advocates. In these types of cases, someone has been negligent or reckless. A civil lawsuit is when someone holds another party liable for something wrong. Civil cases also have a lower “burden of proof.” The Burden of proof, as defined by the Legal Information Institute is “the standard that a party seeking to prove a fact in court must satisfy to have that fact legally established.” Essentially, think of the burden of proof as the amount of evidence you have to provide for the person to be guilty.
There are other big differences between criminal and civil cases. A criminal case differs from a civil case because a criminal case is a prosecuted by the state. An example given by Findlaw.com is murder. If someone murders another person, murder is considered an offense against everyone in society. A criminal case will also differ significantly in terms of its punishments. When someone is convicted in a criminal case, prison can be a punishment. In a civil case, it is usually only monetary damages or something similar. Other specific differences include trial by jury which is almost always used in criminal cases.
Essentially, understanding these key differences can make a huge difference in the way your case is tried and decided. Here at The Advocates, we handle only personal injury cases which qualify as civil cases. If you are looking for a good criminal attorney, we can recommend one, or you can contact the Utah Bar Association and they can recommend one as well.